The ‘worst ever’ anti-Muslim riot was not post-Godhra


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6 Mar 2013

 
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The 'worst ever' anti-Muslim riot was not GodhraOne of the defining qualities of Indian ‘secularism’ in the last 10 years has been self-righteous chest-thumping in the name of safeguarding Muslim rights in Gujarat, where, in 2002, communal riots claimed 1044 lives. In the decade that followed, disproportionate amounts of media attention and NGO propaganda have managed to convince many that the post Godhra riots were the ‘worst ever communal riots’ in India.

What they don’t tell their listeners about is the Nellie massacre of 1983 which claimed the lives of more than twice the number of people who died during the Godhra 2002 riots. The Nellie massacre happened under a Congress Prime Minister’s rule, when the State was under President’s rule and the findings of the probe that was ordered into the massacre were never made public.

Following is a point-by-point comparison of the two tragedies to help put matters in perspective.

Nellie massacre in 1983

Gujarat riots in 2002

When?

18-Feb-1983: 9 AM till 3 PM – Just 6 hours.

27-Feb-2002 till Mid June 2002 – 3.5 months.

Why?

Not clear. Maybe anti-Bangladeshi sentiments

58 Hindu pilgrims, including 25 women and 15 kids, were burned alive in a train, by Muslim mobs at Godhra station.

Violence Affected Districts:

1 District. 14 villages near the river Kopili. No one knows what triggered this horrible planned massacre.

151 towns and 993 villages in 16 districts out of the 25 districts of the state. All reaction to the train-burning at Godhra.

Number of Dead:

2,191 people. ALL Muslims. A case of suspected planned genocide. (unofficial figures run at more than 5,000)

790 Muslims and 254 Hindus. 223 more people were reported missing. (Unofficial counts well over 1500)

Places of worship damaged:

Not known.

298 dargahs, 205 mosques, 17 temples, and 3 churches.

Ruling Party

Congress – President’s rule

BJP at State level and NDA at the Centre.

Administration In charge:

Indira Gandhi (PM) and Gyani Zail Singh (President). Asom was under President’s rule on the day of the riot.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee (PM) and Narendra Modi (CM).

Convictions of Rioters:

Not ONE rioter or killer convicted till date.

Police filed 688 criminal cases, of which 378 cases were closed due to ‘lack of evidence’. 310 cases were charge sheeted, but Rajiv Gandhi dropped cases against ALL in 1985.

249 convictions till now in 19 cases. 184 Hindus. 65 Muslims. 31 for Godhra and 34 for post-Godhra.

Commissions and Probes:

600-page official Tiwari Commission report – Only 3 copies exist today. Asom’s Congress CM Hiteswar Saikia decided NOT to make it public.

Shah-Nanavati Commission, National Human Rights Commission, Banerjee Committee, Concerned Citizens Tribunal and finally Supreme Court monitored SIT. And of course 11 years of print and electronic media trials, including TV studio kangaroo court sessions.

Administration Probed:

Indira Gandhi and Gyani Zail Singh never probed. No SITs, no questioning by Supreme Court and no media trials at all. Indira got a Bharat Ratna too! Remember, not ONE person involved in the riot was convicted in 30 years.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Narendra Modi being blamed for 11 years. Even a state minister Maya Kodnani went to jail after being convicted. 249 people facing sentences, including many on death row, the most severe punishment. Still Modi termed “Merchant of Death” by Indira Gandhi’s daughter in law, even not ONE court finding Narendra Modi guilty on any charge in 11 years.

 

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  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=645458833 Antariksh Bhardwaj

    Congress has always hided her SINS. Whether its 1983 Nellie massacre or 1984 Sikh riots.

  • http://slimmingtips4you.com/ Shirish

    congress will always blame BJP and hide its own mistakes….

  • http://twitter.com/DarkAlley2 DarkAlley

    Well, this is the rsult you get if you have media under your control.

  • duli ch. karel

    Mera bharat mahan>Awsrwad ki khan.Hm kare to dharm>Tum karo to paap.

  • anil

    now i will answer to people who question me

  • KRISHNAM

    excellent analysis .. plz post a similar analysis comparing evennts of 1984 RIOTS and 2002 riots … PLEASE EXPOSE “SECULAR FORCES ” OVER BHAGALPUR RIOTS OF 1989 AS WELL.

  • http://anupknair.wordpress.com Anup Nair

    First time I ever heard of the Nellie riots that killed 2000 people in 6 hrs!!!

    Also, this is a new fact about Gujarat riots as far as I am concerned.

    When?
    27-Feb-2002 till Mid June 2002 – 3.5 months

    Obviously I don’t know much about the lowlifes in India.

  • anna

    What about the anti sikh riots in Delhi in post Indira Gandhi murder in 1984?

  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100000140809252 Nagendra Nayak

    knowing the ill deeds of congress, the BJP could have exposed & banned congress for ever. It played nobility game and are considered inefficient.
    If BJP had exposed and banned congress, we would have better politics in this nation.

    • Jay

      how ??? i dont think banning an old party like congress is so easy….

  • KSV SUBRAMANIAN

    What about the 1969 riots which was much more larger in scale than of 2002 ? Which party was ruling then ? What action taken against the party, its Chief Minister of the State and the Prime Minister at centre ?

  • http://twitter.com/ShivajiChaMawla Shivaji Cha Mawla

    Well one simple Q – Y don’t BJP openly confronts Congress? They r suppose to do this!!!

    • Pratap Ramachandra

      Sir,
      With the leadership of ‘The lion of Gujarat’ , BJP will not only confront the Congress but tear them to pieces

      Pratap

  • M Patel

    Fact about massacres and riots:
    In Independent India, at least 71% (i.e. 41 out of 58) massacres are of Hindus. Check ‘List of massacres in India’ on wikipedia. Prosecution rate is lower in case of Hindu Massacres.

    Check Nellie Massacre on Wikipedia:
    It wasn’t exactly an anti-muslim massacre. It was tribal vs. illegal settlers. The accused were freed in Assam Accord between AGP and Congress.

    Forgotten Big Picture:
    Let’s not forget that many riots start out as anti-Hindu riots with Islamist targeting Hindus. For example, All the riots, in wake of demolition of illegal(*) structure at Ayodhya, are anti-Hindu riots.

    (*) As per High Court verdict.

  • M Patel

    Courts are working over-time to find Modi Guilty. There is a big post-retirement price, like NGO awards, Public Position like Chairmanship of Press Council, Foreign awards, PadmaShree etc, on Modi’s head. SIT, which presumed guilt and did not follow due process of law, was just the first shot against Modi. India’s increasing committed judiciary will keep trying to crucify Modi.

  • Bapty.s

    What about. 4500 Sikh killings in Delhi, Kashmiri PANDITS. Over 4 Lacs. People ,thrown out of their homes from Kashmir. Rape, looting, property COFISCATED, living like dogs in tents in Delhi, capital of India. Bhagalpur riots in Bihar, shooting of over. 40. Muslims. In Meerut and MORADABAD under order from. Home ministry ,Delhi. Cases still pending in court for last 25 yrs.
    How. Is that all this is allowed and accepted by BJP and other parties. Like the left?
    Why only. GUJARAT. HATE CAMPAIGN. ,ANTI MODI PROPAGANDA. ,NOW. 12 yrs. gone.

  • http://travelworld4u.com/ Shirish

    media is pro-muslim so they will always show in favor of Muslims. They will never expose whats happening in Assam, West Bengal, Hyderabad and Kerala.

  • db

    this is called good generalist. provide great and true detail information.

    thanks Niticentral..

  • vp

    The Nellie massacre was a terrible tragedy and its victims deserve justice. But this is a completely braindead article. What makes Godhra so much worse than Nellie is the complicity/inaction of the state gov, and the sheer amount of time it was allowed to go on.

    This distinguishes it from Nellie significantly. What happened at Nellie was a massacre committed by Bodo tribesmen over the span of 6 hours. What happened in Gujarat was a massacre committed by political organizations very close to the ruling party, over a much longer span of time. Nellie happened in rural place, 2002 happened in urban Gujarat. If anything, the victims of Nellie would have been part of Congress’s vote bank. But the people who were the killers in Gujarat were the state government’s strongest supporters.

    When you compare 2002 with Nellie, it makes 2002 look even worse. That is what makes this article truly amazing.

    I find it pathetic that people on the right continue to try to justify the Godhra riots by citing previous massacres. How does this make any sense? Does the fact that there have been murders committed in history give you the right to murder? Let us have accountability for all – the Congress leaders who were responsible in 1984, and the BJP leaders (including Modi) who were responsible in 2002. It is no excuse for Modi that there have been riots before. And the fact that these occurred in 2002, with all the progress the country has made since the 1980s, only makes it worse. Rajiv Gandhi is long dead, and we cannot put him on trial. But Modi is alive, and he should be brought to justice.

  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100004994672627 Kiran KS

    vp,
    You read it wrong. The comparison is not a justification of 2002. It’s just a way of showing mirror to the so called secularists who bark at high decibel in 2002′s case, but keep mum on 1983.

    1) If you blame the administration for 2002, you blame the administration for 1983. Meaning, if Modi is guilty per you, so should be Indira. Let’s revoke her Bharat Ratna. Would you campaign?

    2) Secondly, why did another “Bharat Ratna”, Rajiv Gandhi, let off all the Nellie charged perpetrators? Do you call that justice? Is that how a democracy should behave? It’s convenient to blame some “rural Bodo tribesmen” to cover up the inaction of Indira Gandhi and the pathetic injustice served by Rajiv Gandhi.

    Gujarat has seen enough probes, enough punishments and enough justice. Let’s focus on 1983 and at least revoke Indira Gandhi’s Bharat Ratna for the shame she caused during 1983. Can you raise your voice in that regard?

    - Kiran

  • KRISHNAM

    ^^^ THATS Y WE NEED AN “SIT PROBE UNDER SUPREME COURT ” as in 2002 riots case FOR THE 1984 RIOTS , 1983 NEILLE RIOTS … WE NEED TO RELOOK THE ROLES OF KAMALNATH , TITLER , SAJJAN KUMAR ..NO ONE IS JUSTIFYING 2002 RIOTS ..WE ARE DEMANDING PROBE BY SIT …CBI IS UNDER PM …WE DONT HAVE FAITH ON IT …NOTHING LESS THEN SIT …I HOPE U GOT MY POINT …I SUPPORT 30 YEARS JAIL TO BABU BAJRANGI AND MAYA KODANI …
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4CiuBBKJ30Q
    http://ibnlive.in.com/news/sit-chief-defends-clean-chit-to-narendra-modi/247580-3.html

    no help from congress state govts (extra police force ) to gujrat in 2002 riots period
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-ruZLBeelhs

  • KRISHNAM

    http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/antisikh-riots-victims-demand-further-probe-into-tytlers-role/article4410683.ece

    a genuine demand rejected http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2009-04-29/india/28022033_1_anti-sikh-riot-cases-role-of-chief-minister

    http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/nanavati-commission-report-controversy-puts-congress-secular-party-image-at-stake/1/193147.html

    http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-09-26/chandigarh/30203611_1_sikhs-protest-sikh-genocide-kamal-nath

    http://sikhsforjustice.net/?q=content/kamal-nath

    DEATH DOESNOT WASH UR SINS OFF ..IF THATS THE CASE THEN STOP DEMONISING HITLER AS WELL …IF RAJIV GANDHI ‘S ROLE WAS NOT PROBED , ITS THA FAULT OF “CIVIL SOCIETY ” AND LIBERATED LIBERALS LIKE U …IF SOMEONE IS FOUND COMPLICIT OF DIRECT/INDIRECT INVOLVEMENT EVEN HIS “IMAGE/LEGACY” NEEDS TO BE RELOOKED..AFTERALL RAJIV GANDHI IS A “BHARAT RATNA ” AWARDEE ….WITH AN IMAGE OF A GENTLEMAN PM …“It seemed easy for [former Prime Minister] Rajiv Gandhi to say, ‘When a giant tree falls, the earth below shakes.’ Our trees fell and we can still feel the tremors.” -Victim whose husband was burned alive during the riots””””

  • KRISHNAM

    1984 DELHI RIOTS OCCURED RIGHT UNDER NOSE OF PM …IN DELHI WE HAVE CANTONMENT FOR ARMY…. HAD RAJIV ORDERED ISSUED “SHOOT ON SIGHT ” EACH AND EVERY HINDU CONGRESSI RIOTER BURNING SIKHS WOULD HAVE GOT KILLED LIKE DOGS BY OUR PROFESSIONAL INDIAN ARMY … STOP FOOLING PEOPLE FOR GODSAKE …ON MODI ORDERS OF SHOOT ON SIGHT , MORE THAN 100 HINDU RIOTERS GOT KILLED IN GUJRAT :) AND I AM VERY PROUD THAT ATLEAST MANY MAD HINDU RIOTERS GOT KILLED BY POLICE/ARMY/PARAMILIATRY BULLETS …FIRST READ FROM TOP TO BOTTOM , BEFORE U COMMENT AGAIN WITH A MASK OF “LIBERALISM “..NOT A SINGLE RIOTER WAS KILLED IN DURING 1984 RIOTS :( :( :(
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1984_anti-Sikh_riots

  • Ravindra P. Singh

    The Mumbai riot of 1992-1993 bigger the Gujarat riots as number of casualities were more than 1293 official figure , and this was under congress rule, however the NDTV, CNNIBN, Teesta setalvad and Harsh Mander don’t seem be bothered with this not even with 1984 Sikh riots under congress rule when more than 3000 Sikhs were killed.Indian media is dominated by foreign funded , left inclined pseudo secular who live luxurious life and she crocodile tears

  • Vineet

    Dear Niticentral,

    It will be great if your team can have a similar tabulation of all major riots in India (criteria – over 100+ persons to be killed). Pls give the religious breakup of dead as well, and cover all categories as you did now. Make BJP spokespersons parrot it and speak on every forum, even dont allow anchor to twist the discussion, just parrot it again and again.

    Just as Amit Shah was not even named and SIT report on Modi got vindication, Khanchris started with another round of their “Snoopgate” prosecution clearance.

    Tell BJP spokespersons to be more aggressive.

    Regards
    Vineet