Jharkhand State was formed on November 15, 2000 after people’s movements to evolve a Jharkhandi identity. It is the 28th State of India. The Jharkhandi identity and the demand for autonomy was not premised solely on the uniqueness of its tribal cultural heritage but was essentially a fallout of the failure of development policy to intervene in socio-economic conditions of the adivasis and non-adivasis in the region.
The dynamics of resources and the politics of development still influence the socio-economic structures in Jharkhand, which was carved out of the relatively under developed southern part of Bihar. According to the 1991 census, the state has a population of over 20 million out of which 28% is tribal while 12% of the people belong to scheduled castes. Jharkhand has 24 districts, 260 blocks and 32,620 villages out of which only 45% are electrified while only 8,484 are connected by roads. Jharkhand is the leading producer of mineral wealth in the country after Chhattisgarh state, endowed as it is with vast variety of minerals like iron ore, coal, copper ore, mica, bauxite, graphite, limestone, and uranium. Jharkhand is also known for its vast forest resources.
Jharkhand is set to witness another political re-alignment with Chief Minister hopeful Hemant Soren of JMM trying to stitch an alliance to give the State its 9th Government since its inception 13 years ago.
Hemant Soren takes oath as Jharkhand’s 9th CM
Following is the chronology of events after the last Assembly Polls in Jharkhand held in 2009.
The State has already seen eight Governments and four Chief Ministers
1. Babulal Marandi (November 2000 to March 2003)
2. Arjun Munda (2003/2005/2010),
3. Shibu Soren (2005/2008/2009) and
4. Madhu Koda (2006) since it attained Statehood on November 15, 2000
Dec 23, 2009: 2nd Assembly polls throw fractured mandate
Dec 25: JMM chief Shibu Soren stakes claim
Dec 27: Governor invites Soren to form Government
Dec 30: Soren sworn-in as 7th CM
Jan 7: Trust Vote
April 27: Soren votes along with UPA in cut motion in LS
April 28: BJP Parliamentary board decides to withdraw support. JMM apologises for Soren’s ‘mistake’
April 29: BJP puts its withdrawal decision on hold
May 18: Arjun Munda and Soren agree to share power on rotationMay 20: Soren retracts on voting along with UPA
May 24: BJP withdraws support to Soren
May 30: Soren quits
June 1: Imposition of President’s rule
Sept 7: Arjun Munda stakes claim
Sept 9: President’s rule revoked
Sept 11: Munda takes oath as 8th CM of Jharkhand
In May: Soren revives power sharing formula with BJP
Dec 25: Deputy CM Hemant Soren services notice to Munda to clear BJP’s stand on rotation policy on power sharing.
Jan 3: Munda replies in writing to JMM that there was no agreement on sharing power with it after 28 months.
Jan 7: JMM announces withdrawal of support to the BJP-led Government
Jan 8: Arjun Munda convenes Cabinet meeting, recommends dissolution of house and submits resignation to the Governor.
Jan 8-13: JMM fails in stitching new alliance
Jan 14: President’s rule recommended
Jan 18: President’s rule imposed—for the third time.
July 09: JMM leader Hemant Soren stakes claim to form the Government
July 10: Governor Syed Ahmed recommends revocation of President’s Rule
July 11: Union Cabinet recommends revocation of President’s rule.
July 12: Governor invites Hemant Soren for swearing-in ceremony after receipt of communication about Presidential nod on revocation of Central rule.
July 13: Hemant Soren sworn-in as CM.