Seeing the current economic scenario of large-deficit countries including India, Global rating agency Standard and Poor’s on Wednesday cautioned the country of facing serious economic crisis in the near future.
“The road may be rocky in the near term, particularly for the largest deficit countries — India and Indonesia — but we don’t think this is the Asian crisis all over again,” said the S&P report titled ‘South And South-east Asian Economies Grapple With Growth And External Financing Risks’.
Observing that in normal times the countries with high Current Account Deficit (CAD) and high savings might not find it difficult to borrow in the international market, the report said, “when markets become risk averse, economies with Current Account Deficits often find themselves facing external financing pressure“.
India’s CAD rose to an all time high of $88.2 billion or 4.8 per cent of the GDP in 2012-13. For the current fiscal, the Government plans to bring it down to $70 billion or 3.7 per cent of the GDP.
High CAD is also impacting the value of rupee which slipped to an all time low of 68.75 to a dollar in the intra-day trade.
On the positive side, the S&P report pointed out that domestically driven economies such as China, India, Indonesia, and the Philippines face lower growth risks than trade-dependent nations like Singapore and Hong Kong.
“The smaller, more open, more trade-dependent economies in Asia, such as Singapore and Hong Kong, have higher growth betas, or risks to growth. In contrast, the larger, more domestically-driven economies such as China, India, Indonesia, and the Philippines have lower growth betas,” it added.
The report attributed the ongoing market turbulence largely to uncertainties around the timing of ‘tapering’ (lowering bond purchases) by the US Federal Reserve, coincided with recent cuts in Asian GDP growth forecasts, most notably for China.
Since the announcement of US bond tapering, the rupee has declined over 20 per cent. Besides, equity market barometer Sensex dropped nearly 10 per cent in the last one month.
(With inputs from agencies)
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